Properties of octenyl succinic anhydride (OSA) modified starches and their application in low fat mayonnaise

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Wheat starch (WS), corn starch (CS), waxy corn starch (WCS), potato starch (PS), sweet potato (SP), rice starch (RS) and kidney bean (KB) were modified using octenyl succinic anhydride (OSA) and evaluated for various properties. Degree of substitution (DS) showed significant increase with increase in amylose (AM) content. OSA modified starches showed higher paste viscosities compared to their native counterparts. OSA groups acted majorly on the surface and caused some superficial pores, but crystalline pattern was not significantly altered for all starches. OSA modified starches were used in preparing low fat mayonnaise by substituting 75% fat. OSA modified starches enhanced the emulsifying properties of mayonnaise. Mayonnaises prepared using OSA modified starches were evaluated for phase separation, brightness (L*), color index (dE), and rheological parameters (G′ and G″). Mayonnaises prepared using OSA modified starches showed higher G’ and exhibited gel like structure. Fat substituted (FS) mayonnaise was preferred over full fat (FF) mayonnaise by the consumers. No significant effect of fat substitution was observed on particle size and phase separation for all mayonnaise samples. (International Journal of Biological Macromolecules.,Volume 131, 15 June 2019, Pages 147-157.)

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