Product Name: Pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ)
IUPAC Name: 4,5-dioxo-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-f]quinoline-2,7,9-tricarboxylic acid,
Description: Pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ), a natural poly-phenolic, redox-factor and anti-oxidant compound of high nutritional value, is a potential candidate for improving hypoxia-induced damage in cardiomyocytes. PQQ can regulate biological functions, including mitochondrial biogenesis, redox functions and reproductive health. In contrast with other compounds that provoke changes in mitochondrial number and function (quercetin, hydroxytyrosol and resveratrol), the effects of PQQ occur at low levels of intake (at nano- to micro-molar levels in diets in contrast with near millimolar levels) and are dynamic, i.e. appear to be modulated by not only the amount but also the duration of PQQ exposure.